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Joint Pain Ayurveda Treatment

Joints form the connections between bones. They provide support and help you move. Joints are
the parts of your body where your bones meet. Joints allow the bones of your skeleton to move.

Main Joints :

Shoulders
Hips
Elbows
Knees
Ankles
Wrist
Small joints of fingers and toes

Any damage to the joints from disease or injury can interfere with your movement and cause a
lot of pain.
Joint pain refers to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body’s joints. Joint pain is a
common complaint. It doesn’t typically require a hospital visit. Sometimes, joint pain is the
result of an illness or injury. Arthritis is also a common cause of joint pain. However, it can also
be due to other conditions or factors. Symptoms and signs associated with joint pain can include
Joint redness,
Joint swelling,
Joint tenderness,
Joint warmth,
Limping,
Locking of the joint,
Loss of range of motion of the joint,
Stiffness,
Weakness.

Joint pain can be caused by:
Bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints
Lupus
Gout
Certain infectious diseases, such as mumps, influenza, and hepatitis
Chondromalacia of the patella, or a breakdown of the cartilage in the kneecap
An injury
Tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon
An infection of the bone
Overuse of a joint
Cancer
Fibromyalgia
Osteoporosis
Sarcoidosis
Rickets

Joint pain can range from mildly irritating to debilitating. It may go away after a few weeks
(acute), or last for several weeks or months (chronic). Even short-term pain and swelling in the
joints can affect your quality of life.
Ayurveda describes joint pain as primarily vata disorder wherein vitiated vata gets along with
either pitta or kapha and results in joint pain akso known as sandhi shool. There are three types
of sandhi shool conditions mentioned in ayurveda, namely:
1. Sandhi vata
2. Aamvata
3. Vata rakta

All three of these conditions have different line of treatment.
Following treatment modalities are followed for treating joint pains:
Snehana
Bahya
Abhayanga – Sthanika, Sarvanga

Helps to relieve tension in the muscles. Medicated herbal oils are used, which are
absorbed through the skin to nourish the body. It relieves pains and aches in the joints by
lubricating the same, improves blood circulation and channelizes nerve ending.
Abhyantar

Basti :

By inserting herbal oil or a decoction (herbal preparation) into the colon in the form of
therapeutic enemas, excess Vata is removed from its main seat in the pelvic area. Both
the rectum and colon have a very rich blood and lymph supply that allows for effective
absorption. Studies have shown that substances delivered by enemas are more effectively
passed into the general blood stream than by oral administration, as it bypasses
metabolism in the liver.
Niruha basti – using decoction
Anuvasana basti – using oils
Swedana
Patra potali sweda
It uses powders, herbs, rice, sand tied in a muslin cloth to make small satchels. These
powders, herbs, rice or sand sacks are then heated and lightly pounded over the body or
specific parts of the body as needed. This massage provides dry heat for aggravated Vata
and vata kapha conditions. The heat generated in potali helps to pacify the aggravated
vata thus relieving the associated pain immediately

Nadi sweda
Abhyanga is traditionally followed by steam therapy – either localized or of the entire
body – to further soften and relax muscles.

Kati basti 

Kati Basti is a treatment of the lower back, unique to Ayurveda. ‘Kati’ refers to the lower
back and ‘Basti’ means ‘to hold’. Flour dough is used to form a well on the lower back
and is filled with warm oil. The oil is kept warm by continuously replacing it as it cools.
The warm oil increases blood circulation in the area, relaxing the muscles, relieving pain,
improving movement and reducing stiffness.

Janu basti
janu Basti is a treatment of the lower back, unique to Ayurveda. ‘janu’ refers to the knee
joint and ‘Basti’ means ‘to hold’. Flour dough is used to form a well on the knee joint(s)
and is filled with warm oil. The oil is kept warm by continuously replacing it as it cools.
The warm oil increases blood circulation in the area, relaxing the muscles, relieving pain,
improving movement and reducing stiffness.

Greeva basti
greeva Basti is a treatment of the neck/cervical spine, unique to Ayurveda. ‘greeva’ refers
to the lower back and ‘Basti’ means ‘to hold’. Flour dough is used to form a well on the
cervical spine and is filled with warm oil. The oil is kept warm by continuously replacing
it as it cools. The warm oil increases blood circulation in the area, relaxing the muscles,
relieving pain, improving movement and reducing stiffness.

Jalauka avacharan – hirudotherapy
It is a blood letting procedure performed by using leech. Leech saliva is reported to have
many therapeutic contents like hirudin, bdellins, Hyaluronidase, etc.; among them, eglins
and bdellins have anti-inflammatory property which gives relief in symptoms of sandhi
shool.

Oral medications
Poly-herbal/herbo- mineral formulations in form of tablets/powder/syrups/decoctions/oils
are given orally as per the identified underlying

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