Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
Acne—A disease that affects the skin’s oil glands. The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows. Acne is the most common skin disease; an estimated 80 percent of all people have acne at some point.
Eczema—Also known as atopic dermatitis, this is a long-term skin disease. The most common symptoms are dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet.
In babies, this is commonly known as cradle cap. Greasy and scaly patches of skin form on the baby’s skin, most commonly on the scalp. It is harmless and usually goes away on its own.
In adults, seborrheic dermatitis may appear anywhere, and is prone to flare up and disappear for the rest of a person’s life. The affected skin may be reddish, swollen, and appear greasy. A white-to-yellow crust may appear on the surface of the skin as well. Many treatments help to bring relief from symptoms.
Psoriasis—A skin disease that causes scaling and swelling. Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up on other areas, as well. Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. The doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope. Treatment depends on how serious the disease is, the size of the psoriasis patches, the type of psoriasis, and how the patient reacts to certain treatments.
Rosacea— Frequent redness (flushing) of the face; small red lines under the skin; inflamed eyes/eyelids, a swollen nose, and thicker skin. Your physician can usually diagnose rosacea with a thorough medical history and physical exam. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled.
Wrinkles—Your skin changes as you age. You might notice wrinkles, age spots, and dryness. Sunlight is a major cause of skin aging.Cigarette smoking also contributes to wrinkles. The wrinkling increases with the number of cigarettes and years a person has smoked. Many products claim to revitalize aging skin or reduce wrinkles, but the Food and Drug Administration has approved only a few for sun-damaged or aging skin. Various treatments soothe dry skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.
Fungal nail infection
A condition in which fungus lives near, under, and around the nails, usually in the feet. The fungal buildup causes the nail’s edges to crumble away, producing white-yellowish scaling and flaking on the surface of the nails.
A rash caused by a fungus that rapidly multiplies in warm, damp conditions, such as athletic shoes. Symptoms include dry, itchy, red skin. The skin between the toes or under the foot may be soggy, white, cracked, or scaly. It often itches and causes soreness.
Vitiligo (vit-ih-LIE-go) is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. The extent and rate of color loss from vitiligo is unpredictable. It can affect the skin on any part of your body. It may also affect hair and the inside of the mouth.
Normally, the color of hair and skin is determined by melanin. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. The condition is not life-threatening or contagious. It can be stressful or make you feel bad about yourself.
Lichen planus is a chronic recurrent inflammatory disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It is characterized by small, flat-topped, polygonal bumps that may coalesce into rough, scaly plaques on the skin. There may also be involvement of the lining tissue (mucous membranes) of the mouth and/or vagina.
Lichen planus is a poorly understood skin condition. Its name is descriptive in that to some it resembles a simple plant, a lichen, which grows on rocks and tree bark, while planus is Latin for flat.
In Ayurveda, skin diseases, be it rashes, redness, patches or other severe skin conditions are caused due to doshica imbalance. Similarly, ayurvedic approach on skin diseases are unique and focus on imparting the harmony, from internally.
Causes of skin diseases from Ayurvedic Perspective
From ayurvedic perspective, the major causes of disease are improper diet and lifestyle. With or without knowledge, following a diet or lifestyle that goes against the nature of the individual (called as prakriti) as well as the season leads to imbalance in the composition of the body. The similar principle applies to skin disease.
In fact most of the imbalance in the energy levels carries symptoms through skin and some form of imbalance manifests as skin diseases.
While imbalance of any dosha may cause skin disease, it is associated more with pitta (heat element) imbalance. Any activity that increases the fire or heat element in the body aggravates pitta and leads to imbalance.
For instance, typically pitta aggravates during the rainy season. The fire element increases during the summer called Greesham Ritu and as a result during the beginning of the rainy season called Varsha Ritu it aggravates. This is the major reason behind prevalence of skin diseases during rainy season.
In many cases, Ayurveda stated the sluggish liver function (malfunction / dysfunction of liver) associated with doshic imbalance causes skin diseases. Imbalance of kapha and dosha leads to accumulation of toxins (ama) in the liver, which breakouts through skin. On the other hand, disease is caused by ama i.e accumulation of toxins in the body also causes skin diseases.
At belance: When the body is sheer clear of toxins, it gains the equilibrium and apparently the organs begin the normal functioning.Since toxic accumulation aggravates in various forms, Panchakarma is primarily recommended to treat skin diseases.
Designing the diet and lifestyle recommendations to restore the lost doshic balance
Nutritional recommendations only if required
Application of herbal / medical oils to soothe the external wounds
Ayurvedic therapies and medicines as prescribed
Therapies like vamanam, virechanam, raktamokshanam, takradhara, snehanam, swedanam, lepam etc